Unctad secretariat calculations based on comtrade data

Sources: UNCTAD secretariat based on data from WEF, OECD, UNDP and EIU. 2016. 5 Shifting total trade market shares in Asia, 2002-2010 Percentage share of each category over total ASEAN trade with the world 35 30 25 ASEAN trade with China, Japan and Republic of Korea 20 Intra-ASEAN trade 15 ASEAN trade with Japan 10 ASEAN trade with China 5 Source: UN/DESA, based on data from the This module provides an overview of the current Agreement on Agriculture that was the outcome of the Uruguay Round negotiations, implementation of commitments and ongoing negotiat Originally published on UNCTAD. Our solutions leverage the Internet to drive workflow and process efficiencies throughout the TRADE POLICY REVIEW. e No. Note: Calculations on averages are based on national tariff line level (10-digit in 1996, and 8-digit in 2008 and 2013). Over the past 50 years, the series has evolved to incorporate new statistics and ensure that readers have access to the best possible information available. 6 Today Bishkek is thriving, with a flourishing street and cultural life” (Rashid 2014). UNCTAD, World Investment Report 2003. UNCTAD, COMTRADE database. This paper examines the development of solar PV and wind energy technology component (WETC) exports from China and the competitive position of the country‘s renewable energy industry. For example, a 10 per cent revaluation of China’s For more details please see the definitions under Annexes section. Stories UNCTAD Trains, and UN Comtrade. 0. 2019. The position of the European Commission . 18 7. Source: UNCTAD Secretariat calculations based on COMTRADE data and UNCTAD TRAINS data. Non-tariff measures (NTMs) and trade remedies data are sourced from the ITC (MAcMap) and other databases, including UNCTAD (TRAINS) as the result of a joint collection effort done by ITC, UNCTAD, the World Bank. In the first place, to provide an overview of data” for its international trade—is not available for the Kyrgyz Republic because several of its major trading partners do not reliably report to the UN Comtrade system (Chapter 2). Volume A (Text) is presented in document C/RM/S/26A. For 2005, prospects for export growth are moderate and The 2016 tariff schedule is based on HS12 nomenclature consisting of 5,199 tariff lines (at the 8-digit tariff line level). Fuente: Cálculos de la UNCTAD basados en datos de la base de datos de las Naciones Unidas sobre estadísticas del comercio de productos básicos ( COMTRADE ). Data for Member States and candidate countries are based on the ESA 2010 system for the last period and on ESA 95 and ESA 79 for the earlier years. In order to avoid mistakes, it is however necessary to check thoroughly the data underlying WITS output. According to the agreed methodology, unit values compiled in the WTO Integrated Database (IDB), and not the UN Comtrade database, would be used as a general rule in calculating AVEs, with the possibility of using weighted average of both IDB and UN Comtrade unit values in case the difference in calculated AVEs differs significantly between IDB and Comtrade data. ac. 16. Of course, this places the basic premise of Asian growth during the last three decades (prior to the GFC)—that trade and investment serve as an engine of growth and development, which leads to a reduction in poverty—under question. Filter by authors such as Jong Woo Kang, or by topic, country, indicator, and frequency. WTO Report on G-20 Trade Measures 1. D. 90 1. This paper aims to assess the extent of integration of Indian T&C industry Source: based on data from Marine Port Authority (MPA) Amid the uncertainties in the global economy, in 2014, the Singapore marine industry recorded a turnover of $17. The statistics in this publication have been produced by UNCTAD Secretariat by using . During the period covered by its Fourth Trade Policy Review (TPR), Guinea introduced a number of reforms that helped to improve its economic situation. Nigeria. The annual number of cases of measles and rubella officially reported by a member state is only available by July of each following year (through the joint WHO UNICEF annual data collection exercise). c Based on 2010 import figures. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Background note prepared by the UNCTAD secretariat for the Ad Hoc Expert Meeting on THE GREEN ECONOMY: TRADE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IMPLICATIONS 7–8 October 2010 Geneva, Switzerland UNITED NATIONS New York and Geneva, 2010 Data are presented in millions of metric tons. Please click on any of the topics below (Product,Country and Miscellaneous ) to display the corresponding page or click on any topic to view the details. The international community is making a final push to achieve the Millennium Development Goals by the target date of 2015. 40 A Critical Survey of Databases on Tariffs and Trade Available for the Analysis of EU Agricultural Agreements. Source: Author's calculations based on UNCTAD NTM data; 2015 U. report_wto_g20_june10_e_经济学_高等教育_教育专区。10年 WTO全球贸易政策评估报告 25 Sep 2017 United Nations Comtrade Database - International Trade Statistics - Import/Export Data. 25 October 2011 REPORT ON G-20 TRADE MEASURES (MAY TO MID-OCTOBER 2011) 1EXECUTIVE SUMMARYPolitical resolve to resist protectionism is under stressDisappointingly weak growth in some G-20 countries and continuing macroeconomic imbalancesglobally are testing the political resolve of many governments to abide by the G-20 commitment toresist protectionism, as Note: For social protection spending, due to the data availability, averages over 2004–09 by country are used. The CDS (the Common Data Set) is a joint effort by Eurostat, OECD, UNSD, UNCTAD and WTO to reconcile their time series on merchandise trade statistics, using international standards as a benchmark. To access more features of the site, register for free in ITC's Market Analysis Tools platform Register >> The Tariff Download Facility allows flexible selection across countries or reporters, years and products and download in various formats. 4 percent by major sector (WTO definition), the average tariff on agricultural goods is 10 percent (compared with a bound average of 52. If data becomes available in the near future, they will be disseminated on UNSD’s website. All live animals imported into the country require an import permit, issued by the Animal Protection and Health Division of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, prior to the arrival of the animal. The report is drawn up by the Secretariat on its own responsibility. To compute the score for a given sub-indicator for a given factor, one takes the sub-indicator’s standardized score on each variable, multiplies by the Many translated example sentences containing "international Financial Statistics database" – Spanish-English dictionary and search engine for Spanish translations. Gross national expenditure (constant 2000 US$) World Bank staff estimates from the Comtrade database maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division. By contrast, their share in total remittances to Africa decreased from 25% in 2000 to 10% in 2011. 1, nearly half of the tariff lines in Nicaragua's Schedule are zero. Data cover general government but, if unavailable, refer to central government only. Table 2. This is because banking offices in one country may operate within a business model decided by the group's controlling parent, which may be headquartered in another country. Trade Technologies Trade Technologies provides Internet-based software solutions and document preparation services that streamline international trade payment processes and documentation for global exporters, freight forwarders and global trade banks. . 08 0. 7 billion in 2011. Note: Export structure differentials, by aggregated SITC Rev. Source: WTO Secretariat calculations, based on data provided by the authorities of Myanmar. 68 0. Source:UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on data from UN Comtrade and official sources. " Source: Authors’ calculations based on World Bank data. Ref year. For Myanmar, starting from 2018, real GDP growth data refer to the new fiscal year starting in October. Table 2 presents data based on estimations for many LDCs. Data sources for base data are described in main text. Source: WTO Secretariat, based on information provided by the U. The 1996, 2008, and 2013 tariffs are, respectively, based on HS1996, HS2002 and HS2012 nomenclatures. 2015. Nonguaranteed long-term debt privately placed from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). The authority responsible for formulating the sector's policy is the Ministry of Production. All data is accessible through API. WTO Secretariat calculations based on data Source: WTO calculations based on data provided by the authorities of Trinidad and Tobago and UNSD, Comtrade database. Chinese companies have become major technology producers, with the largest shares of their output exported. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, the following procedure was used in the calculation of unit value indices: - A set of average price indices at the SITC Revision 3, 3-digit level are constructed using UNCTADstat Commodity Price Statistics, international and national sources and UNCTAD secretariat estimates. Source: Commission services based on IMF and OECD data. International Trade in Goods based on UN Comtrade data This indicator is calculated from original datasets to determine global unit   Chart 4: Developing Economies. Indicator # 26 Sub-Index. 8% of total merchandise imports in 2015 (42% in 2012), led by Germany whose participation decreased from 12. International trade 47 Figure II. Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations based on UNCTAD, Handbook of Statistics 2007 and UNCTAD estimates. As can be seen from the figures in Chart III. Members of selected households aged between 16 and 74 years were interviewed. c Preliminary estimates. Source: ECA calculations based on UNCTADStat (2015). Data from the perspective of Africa (as used in figure 1) is based on statistics from UNCTAD, combining data from UN Comtrade, IMF, Eurostat, UNCTADstat and UNCTAD secretariat calculations. The Community-based Fisheries Management (CBFM) self-regulation of coastal fisheries is designed to enhance the sense of responsibility of fishermen, and to prevent illegal fishing; financial incentives are provided to communities that have shown good performance, based upon an evaluation carried out by an Evaluation Committee whose Secretariat Data on the exports of commercial services originating from LDCs is not widely available. Download data contained in the Asian Economic Integration Report from the Asian Development Bank in CSV or PDF format. Trends in imports and exports. Source: Calculations based on WTO PTA database and UN Comtrade via WITS In terms of sectors, LDCs remain heavily dependent on the export of a few products where they traditionally enjoy comparative advantage. DATA SOURCES To learn more [1] UNCTAD/ERASMUS database (based on data obtained from the companies themselves as well as secondary sources). For many countries the data coverage starts as far back as 1962 and goes up to the most recent completed year. UNCTAD UNCTAD HANDBOOK OF To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, the following procedure was used in the calculation of unit value indices: - A set of average price indices at the SITC Revision 3, 3-digit level are constructed using UNCTADstat Commodity Price Statistics, international and national sources and UNCTAD secretariat estimates. Source: UN Comtrade (comtrade. Source: WTO Secretariat, based on information provided by the Peruvian authorities. Note: The product classification comes from UNCTAD Trade and Development Report, 2002. United Nations Comtrade Database - International Trade Statistics - Import/Export Data Data availability | UN Comtrade: International Trade Statistics United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Statistics Division Trade Statistics THE UNCTAD TRADE POLICY SIMULATION MODEL A note on the methodology, data and uses Sam Laird and Alexander Yeats1 PREFACE This note has been prepared in response to numerous requests from individual member States of UNCTAD, from other international organizations and from academic institutions for The United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) is member of the Task Force on International Merchandise Trade Statistics (TF-IMTS) which meets once a year. UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on UN/DESA estimates; and UN COMTRADE. The Handbook also presents a summary overview of the statistical time series available from UNCTADstat. The European Commission published the Download data contained in the Asian Economic Integration Report from the Asian Development Bank in CSV or PDF format. “provisional data based on monthly data reported to WHO (Geneva) as of April 2019”. Table 3. The system is available to the public for a cost. iift. enhancing pakistan’s trading benefits from the proposed eu gsp plus scheme trade related technical assistance programme the trta ii programme is funded by the programme is implemented by unido in association with itc & wipo Once the two design defects are remedied a more realistic picture of G20 protectionism emerges, see Figure 1. b Average. - The introduction of NCTS in due course, and eventually a facility which permits advance declarations of cargo data will make the process of risk management much easier 75, but these are not pre-requisites. 1 (for 1980/81) and rev. UNCTADstat gives access to more than 150 indicators and statistical time series. It shows that in 2002, LDCs account for 0. Data on the bioenergy technology exports (EX) of each country were extracted from the COMTRADE database (UNCTAD), based on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Cording System (HS 1996). Learning, knowledge, research, insight: welcome to the world of UBC Library, the second-largest academic research library in Canada. export . The topologies of bioenergy technologies and components are well defined by Jha [2] , starting from the HS 1996 classification (as described in Table A1 in A study on copper trade based on Comtrade data found approximately 650 records that had to be edited in an aggregated database of 37,000 permutations of reporter and partner regions because they showed improbably large deviations from the time series’ trend, not including discrepancies visible in a mirror analysis (Tercero and Soulier 2016) . The data are based on the methodology that was used to prepare a previous Secretariat paper on shares of WTO Members in world non-agricultural trade, 1999-2004 (TN/MA/S/18). Fuente: Cálculos de la secretaría de la UNCTAD basados en los datos de COMTRADE y UNCTAD Commodity Price Bulletin . U N I T E D N AT I O N S C O N F E R E N C E O N T R A D E A N D D E V E L O P M E N T. Source: authors’ calculations using data from Eurostat’s COMEXT and UNCTAD’s TRAINS databases. Full text of "Policy priorities for international trade and jobs [electronic resource]" See other formats Source: WTO Secretariat calculations, based on data provided by the Angolan authorities. 2. The IMF publishes a range of time series data on IMF lending, exchange rates and other economic and financial indicators. F or eca st. a South, South-East and East Asia does not comprise China and newly industrialized economies (both tiers). Source: WTO, based on WTO, UNCTAD and ITC data. 20 In particular, consistent with expectations, rates of increase of TFP (recall that this is captured in the constant term) do jump in the 1991-97 time period over the 1978-90 period in the region most affected It is to be noted that GDP has been reported by expenditure and according to UNCTAD, the source of the data is UNCTAD Secretariat calculations, based on UN DESA Statistics Division, National Accounts Main Aggregates Database. United Nations Comtrade Database - International Trade Statistics - Import/Export Data. indd for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of information from the United Nations Commodity Trade Database (COMTRADE) and 42 World Economic Situation and Prospects 2012 external demand, accounting for about three quarters of the growth of imports of devel-oping economies in 2010, followed by Latin America and the By transforming the large volume of primary trade data into an accessible, user-friendly, web-based format, Trade Map provides indicators on export performance, international demand, alternative markets and the role of competitors. World Bank staff estimates based data from International Monetary Fund's Direction of Trade database. Bilateral trade flows are sourced from the United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD) Commodity Trade (COMTRADE) database. Data for other OECD countries are based on the SNA 2008. Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations based on COMTRADE. Members provide these formal notifications to the WTO Secretariat, which  How are the 5-year growth trend indicators calculated in Trade Map? . . 2% if the CSC is included. After decades of exceedingly low export quantities, generally below 500 tons per a Based on estimated movements in capital expenditure and prices of capital inputs. Muchos ejemplos de oraciones traducidas contienen “u. e. Data is obtained from UNCTAD Comtrade database (2010a UNCTAD (2010a) Comtrade - Commodity Trade Database, United Nations Statistics Division, New York City. The UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics provides users with access to internationally comparable sets of data, in addition to facilitating the work of the UNCTAD secretariat. 1. Data are in principle collected from national sources. Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations based on COMTRADE data. Average share of remittances to GDP (Top 15 African countries) Intra-African remittances rose from USD 3 billion in 2000 to USD 5. Seventy per cent of this value was in the transport and travel sectors. 56 Bangladesh 19. TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT REPORT, 2015. asian development bank toward optimal provision of regional public goods in asia and the pacific october 2018 asian economic integration report 2018 On Sensitive Products, the text is, on the surface, more clear than in July. particular, it covers the sources of tariff data, calculation of tariff rates in ad valorem equivalent terms, and the aggregation of tariff data for GTAP commodities. 1% in FY 2009-10 (Table 3. Note: Based on 4-digit SITC rev. Japan operates 18 tariff quotas covering 175 tariff lines, mainly for dairy products and cereals (including rice), unchanged since 2011. If a country is not included, it means 0 participation (exhaustive data set). measure, with 90 percent coverage of wild areas being the target. b Based on 2009 import figures. Ship repair is the second largest contributor and accounts UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development World Bank staff derivations based on UN COMTRADE data. In five different models, the data for rest of the countries (leaving UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on UN/DESA estimates and UN COMTRADE. a Percentage change between the average for the period January to May 2013 and the average for 2012. That said, the fact remains that there appear to be effectively only two developed Members among the importers that are actually prepared to live with 4 per cent of Sensitive Products despite a seeming view that "4 per cent" was what was a source of quasi-consensus in July. Data were collected on all households living in the selected dwellings. UNCTAD updates its comprehensive trade in services dataset and launches its first release of the Trade in Services Annual Bulletin Commodity price statistics   Chart 3 - Countries shares in the trade collapse of 2015-2016. Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations based on COMTRADE, United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD), US Bureau. These core agencies combine their efforts with those of LDC partners, other development partners and bilateral donors to respond to the trade development needs of LDCs. The 2015-16 tariff schedule is based on HS12 nomenclature consisting of 5,675 tariff lines (at 8-digit level). Users interested in more detailed information and analytical features can consult the WTO's TAO (Tariff Analysis Online). When there are not enough representative reported or estimated data points within a country aggregate, no aggregation is undertaken and symbol (-) is assigned. The International Trade Centre (ITC) (French: Centre du commerce international (CCI)) is a multilateral agency which has a joint mandate with the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations (UN) through the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). In Fig. 219 March 2015 Operationalizing the Product Space: A Road Map to Export Diversification Piergiuseppe Fortunato, Carlos Razo and Kasper Vrolijk No. based on short-term agreements. The simple average applied MFN tariff in FY 2015-16 was 12. The publication has also maintained its two section format: a detailed narrative that addresses various facets of the publication’s theme, and a data section that presents UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. org) and authors’ calculations. Trade Map covers yearly trade data for 220 countries and territories and all 5,300 products of the Harmonized System. ITC/COMTRADE data show that the total value of exports and imports in 2006 for pro ducts in Chapters 1-24 of the Harmonized System (i. un. Calculations include AVEs (based on 2014 imports), as available, provided by the Ukrainian authorities. e Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics database; and United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN/DESA), LINK Global Economic Outlook 2008 (May 2008). Data on agricultural production and harvest area are from Abstract. f ABARES forecast. Profits Profitability On the host country side, the view from investment Source: UNCTAD, based on data from Thomson ONE. Source: UNCTAD calculations based on the UN Comtrade database. UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on IMF, Directions of Trade Statistics database, UN/DESA estimates and UN COMTRADE. a Based on 2008 import figures. Calculations of aggregates may in some cases include data estimated by the UNCTAD secretariat that are not necessarily all reported separately. disseminate global environment statistics on ten indicator themes compiled from a wide range of data sources. UN Comtrade is a repository of official international trade statistics and relevant analytical tables. [Google Scholar]) based on the Harmonized Systems codes. Source: ADB calculations using data from Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Secretariat, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, United Nations, World Bank, and national sources. and other national sources. txt) or read book online for free. 3 groups, are measured here as the difference between commodity groups’ percentage shares in exports to the ECE transition economies and to the European Union. The third allows for a complete recharge to rest weaponry and take advantage of a large ship repair center, such as the stop in Pakistan, which is based on a longterm agreement. This dataset and predefined summary tables are a complement to the report Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2017, which monitors agricultural policy developments in 35 OECD member countries, 6 non-OECD EU member states and 11 emerging economies: Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Russia, the Philippines, South Africa, Ukraine and Viet Nam. 9 percent (compared For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used. Rig building, ship repair and shipbuilding make up the major sectors of the marine industry in Singapore. waste management and remediation services affiliates were supressed for the years 2007 through 2010 to avoid disclosure of information on individual firms. The simple average MFN applied tariff in 2005 is 7. Source: WTO Secretariat, based upon information from Guyana's Bureau of Statistics and Bank of Guyana. It includes apples (HS080810 and HS081330), bananas (HS080300) 9 and grapes (HS080610 and HS080620). " Payments based on non-current A/An/R/I production required Payments based on current A/An/R/I production required Payments based on non-current A/An/R/I production not required Variable rates Fixed rates Payments based on non-commodity criteria: Long-term resource retirement Specific non-commodity output Other non-commodity criteria PSE, 2004 concerning the Trade Policy Review Mechanism (L/6490), the Secretariat submits herewith Volume B (Tables and Appendices) of its report on Uruguay. Source: WTO Secretariat calculations, based on data provided by the authorities of Grenada. MCS controls over transittraffic should be risk based and selective. Stat enables users to search for and extract data from across OECD’s many databases. 2 billion. Calculations based on Mombasa Growth hub data, triangulated by data gathered from supported firms Defined as total exports, FOB value (US$ millions, constant prices) of a selected basket of goods from supported geographic region. Muchos ejemplos de oraciones traducidas contienen “Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics” – Diccionario español-inglés y buscador de traducciones en español. 5. Figure 1a portrays the tariff trade restrictiveness index ( TTRI),  Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTAD's Commodity Price Statistics, international and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates . As a result, very little illicit wood or wood-based products are seized. OPERATIONALIZING THE PRODUCT SPACE: A ROAD MAP TO EXPORT DIVERSIFICATION No. This indicator gives the percentage of all 18-year-olds who are still in any kind of school (all ISCED levels). d Forecast. Many translated example sentences containing "direction of trade statistics" – Spanish-English is based on data from the UNCTAD secretariat calculations A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO TRADE POLICY ANALYSIS 14 x what the key measurement issues are that any analyst should know before jumping into data processing x what main indices are used to assess the nature of foreign trade in terms of structural, sectoral and geographical composition x how to display trade data graphically in a clear and appealing way. 2018. do not report their bilateral trade statistics to UN Comtrade or data are not established inter-secretariat working group has been so mandated with the . a Percentage change in trade values between initial and end year. year 2032 and are based on data from 2011, which serves as the model’s reference year. with a reference to the source UNCTAD-Civil Society Dialogue on selected development issues being addressed by. Members which have not previously made use of this type of payment and thus have not notified and which cannot establish a historical base period because of a lack of data shall not be precluded from establishing an appropriate base period which, provided that it is not based on any future factor use or production, need not be based on a pre Methodology Based on the variable PWIRAW, the data were then converted to a proximity to target . Most of the time series cover long periods, with some dating back to 1948, for almost all economies of the world. For 2005, prospects for export growth are moderate and The UN Comtrade database contains product breakdowns based on the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC). Trade data on Market Access Map are sourced from the ITC (Normalized trade matrix)and the joint ITC (Trade Map)- UNSD (UN COMTRADE While residence-based data such as the locational banking statistics indicate where positions are booked, they do not always identify where underlying decisions are made. Ando (2005) reports detailed unweighted frequency ratios for APEC countries by using 13 different groups of NTMs based on UNCTAD 2001 data, with a break-down into 6 sectors. UNCTAD secretariat carried out calculations to present the data in their final form based on the information assembled by the UN COMTRADE and the IMF’s Direction of Trade Statistics. Survey metadata (sent by Espie) - selected columns. COMTRADE data are a joint institution involving the WTO and the UNCTAD based the relevant country data by group. Access to data will allow for a better evaluation of policies and their continuous improvement. Data for commodity exports for the creation of diversification indices are taken from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) database, which provides exports data at the three-digit level for most countries in the world, starting from 1995. Data on imports in 2004 are taken from the Comtrade database of the United Nations Statistical Division. These are largely primary commodities, though where LDCs have had success in developing export-oriented manufacturing this has Note: Calculations on averages are based on national tariff line level (10-digit in 1996, and 8-digit in 2008 and 2013). C. n is the number of countries included in the calculations. Tracer indicators were selected in part based on high data availability, therefore data availability is good. org Statistiques de la CNUCED fondées sur les données de la base de données des Nations Unies sur les statistiques commerciales des produits de base (COMTRADE). g calculations for the Committee of Source: Author’s calculations, based on data from UN Comtrade and IMF Balance of Payments databases. In less than five years, Africa has risen to become the second most attractive investment destination in the world, tied with Asia. Source: WTO Secretariat calculations based on the BCP, "National Accounts of Paraguay, 1991-2002". Led by China, The third book aims at analysing the contribution of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the national system of innovation. a. Metadata - Indicators Metadata - Countries Data Data Source World Development Indicators Country Name Country Code Indicator Name Indicator Code 1960 1961 1962 1963 Source: Authors’ calculations. The simulation indicates that without preferential treatment, the LDC exports would in general be subject to higher tariffs than the other trading partners in developed markets. Source: WTO Secretariat calculations, based on data provided by the authorities of Malawi and the WTO CTS database. PDF | On Jan 1, 2006, Andrea Alfieri and others published Estimating the Impact on Mozambique of Different Trade Policy regimes: SADC, SACU or MFN? Source: United Nations, UN/DESA, CDP Secretariat, based on distance data by Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales (CEPII) and data on exports and imports of goods and 1 The World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS) simplifies data retrieval to a considerable extent, since data for pre-defined aggregates may be requested (instead of obtaining more detailed data and undertaking all the calculations oneself). Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on Comtrade database. 19 data (also disaggregated at the six-digit level) from UN Comtrade to weight each tariff according to its share in the country’s imports from the regional economic community in question. 3. Data for Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda are from EAC Secretariat. 392 USD/EUR for 2011 to convert the model’s estimates which use data reported in 2011 US dollars). Issuu company logo Close. UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on UN DESA Statistics Division, UN COMTRADE; IMF, Direction of Trade Statistics; UNCTAD, UNCTADstat Merchandise Trade Indices; and UNCTAD, UNCTADstat Total Merchandise Trade. pdf), Text File (. a Calculations for country aggregates are based on GDP at constant 2000 dollars. Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations based on COMTRADE, United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD), US Bureau of Labour Statistics external trade prices indices, Japan Customs united value indices, UNCTAD Commodity Prices Bulletin and other national sources. Data for Djibouti, Fiji, Guinea, Rwanda, and the Solomon Islands are from WTO IDB. Since then a 12. As such, unless otherwise indicated, all monetary figures are reported in constant 2011 euros (using the official ECB exchange rate of 1. 31 2. Total export misinvoicing and import misinvoicing are calculated by  unctad. c In 2013–14 Australian dollars. 7%, down from 13. The UNCTAD liner shipping connectivity index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country’s port. Each agency is in charge of supplying figures for a predefined set of reporting economies (see Data Providing Agencies and Sources). Notes: The principal data source is UN DESA Statistics Division, UN COMTRADE which provides detailed raw trade data by partner and Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations based on Comtrade data and the UNCTAD Commodity Price Bulletin. Indicator PACOVRAW Collection EPI 2006. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Note: Score: Principal component scores are the scores of each sub-indicator (row) on each factor (column). China Trade Policy Review 2010, WTO Secretariat calculations, based on data These data present merchandise trade in thousands of US dollars by trading partners and products, based on SITC Revision 3 commodity classification. It gives an indication of the number of young people who have not abandoned their efforts to improve their skills through initial education and it includes both those who had a regular education career without any delays as well as those who are continuing even if they had to repeat Source: UN/ECE secretariat calculations, based on United Nations COMTRADE Database. Initially the VAT rate was 10 percent but was subsequently increased to 12. 2% (Table III. 41 44. This study is part of a larger effort by UNCTAD to analyze traderelated issues of particular importance to developing countries, as requested by the Doha Mandate of UNCTAD XIII. During a large part of the period under review, performance in the manufacturing sector followed the same sluggish trend as that in the economy as a whole (see Chapter I). Note: All data contained within is provisional. advertisement BRICS Trade Policies, Institutions and Areas for Deepening Cooperation Centre for WTO Studies Indian Institute of Foreign Trade IIFT Bhawan, Qutab Institutional Area, New Delhi ‒ 110016 Website: www. Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. calculate an export symmetry index which is used as proxy for data quality from a particular. Table 1. Estimates of trade misinvoicing have been based, traditionally and primarily, on bilateral trade data 3 The UN Comtrade Database “is a repository of official trade statistics and relevant analytical tables. Country codes follows  Chart 1: Trade Affected by Tariffs due to Chinese Tariffs due to United States tariffs. based on 2016 ASEAN-ERIA-UNCTAD NTM database, Non-Tariff unctad/tdr/2010united nations conference on trade and development genevatrade and development report, 2010report Source: UNCTAD calculation based on data from the United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database (COMTRADE). <!--descriptionright--> Note: Author's calculations based on Hanegraaff et al. UNICEF: The universal health coverage indicator as defined is a composite indicator that takes into account many other health coverage indicators, most of which have available data. Data collection tools annual questionnaires, uploading of data existing in other organizations, mining of national open sources, SDMX Questionnaires addressed to National Statistical Offices Data processing and analysis Only for internal administrative uses (e. Agriculture-based countries—Agriculture is a major source of growth, accounting for 32 percent of GDP growth on average—mainly because agriculture is a large share of GDP—and most of the poor are in rural areas (70 percent) Eighty-two percent of the rural Sub-Saharan population lives in agriculture-based countries This group, typified UNCTAD's Bilateral FDI Statistics provides up-to-date and systematic FDI data for 206 economies around the world, covering inflows (table 1), outflows (table 2), inward stock (table 3) and outward stock (table 4) by region and economy. Indicator Name Ecoregion Protection. 15. Making Trade an Engine of Growth for All The Case for Trade and for Policies to Facilitate Adjustment P R E P A R E D B Y S T A F F O F INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND F The statistical unit was the dwelling. Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations based on COMTRADE data and IMF Directions of Trade Statistics. 3). 18 This WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources is an Internet directory of over 2000 annotated links to high-quality English-language sources of information and analysis in many international and global studies topics. d As a percentage of total value added at basic prices. Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations based on COMTRADE data and UNCTAD TRAINS data. Note: Based on the 2000 tariff schedule. 20 21. The product approach: The product approach was created to complement the sectoral approach and it is used for data on high-tech trade. Import data for G20 economies include intro-EU27 imports. UNCTAD secretariat calculation are based on: IMF (Balance of Payments Statistics, World Economic  UNCTAD secretariat or its member States. Source: WTO calculations, based on data provided by the Japanese authorities. 200. Free access to detailed global trade data. 3. Rodrik (1996) provides a theoretical justification for this by claiming that higher government consumption and intra-societal transfers play a risk-reducing role in societies exposed to greater external competition and thus uncertainty. Conclusion . E. Note: All calculations are at the 6-digit level; non-ad valorem duties are excluded. It is based on the information available to the Secretariat and that UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. 5 percent value added tax (VAT) has been tacked on the duty-inclusive value of all imports, with a few selected exemptions. Figures for 2017 are estimates based on preliminary data or on the last year for which data were available. 享专业文档下载特权; 赠共享文档下载特权; 100w优质文档免费下载; 赠百度阅读VIP精品版; 立即开通 We now provide a short list with the data sources. Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on the United Nations Comtrade database (SITC categories 5–8 less 667 and 68); United Nations Statistics Division, Main Statistical Aggregates database. practical and evidence-based recommendations that will steer Africa towards a path to prosperity through agriculture. For more detailed data specification see Section 4 and Appendix 2. Furthermore because of rounding, details and percentages in tables do not necessarily add up to totals. Note: Prices used in these calculations exclude GST. Based on official bilateral trade flow statistics, it is estimated that the value of illegal trade from and within the region in wood-based products is around US$17 billion. This Figure also shows India’s Textiles and Clothing Industry in Global Value Chains and its Linkages with other Asian Countries Neha Gupta2 Abstract Initial development of global value chains (GVCs) concentrated more on textiles and clothing (T&C) industry. Chinese peacekeeping forces in the Middle East. Note: For the composition on product categories, see the notes to this chapter. CONFERENCE DES NATIONS UNIES SUR LE COMMERCE ET LE DVELOPPEMENT. These have been obtained by conversion of the raw data coded in HS and constitute the main source of the figures presented in this section. 2 Sources of Tariff Data The primary source of bound tariff data used in this data set is the Agricultural Market Access Database (AMAD). Display them on-the-fly as maps, graphs, data tables or download the data in different formats. 4 per cent of world trade in commercial services. 6 percent), and that on nonagricultural goods 6. 4% during the period. Source: WTO Secretariat estimates based on data provided by the Nicaraguan authorities. promotion agencies (IPAs) for inward FDI differs by Note: The number of TNCs covered in this calculation is 3,039. 1% to 10. Source: WTO Secretariat calculations, based on UNSD, Comtrade database (SITC Rev. Full text of "The least developed countries report" See other formats OECD. region (figure I. Does not use official WTO data nor contain bindings. crucial to allow for evidence-based formulation and evaluation of policies, . This figure, based on data collected almost entirely from official sources by the independent Global Trade Alert trade policy monitoring initiative, demonstrates the G20’s sustained resort to new protectionism. The IBSA Dialogue Forum was established in June 2003 in Brasilia, Brazil. 1 (4-digit) They find it to be 0% if they only include price and quantity control measures and quality control measures. In the case of the European Union, we include business groups from the individual Member States together with business groups representing the European Union as a whole. El IBCE presenta el documento "Informe de Desarrollo y Comercio, 2009", elaborado por la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre Comercio y Desarrollo (UNCTAD). World Bank staff estimates from the Comtrade database maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division. It is a product of the Trade Analysis Branch (TAB), Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities (DITC), UNCTAD Secretariat. 4. The following data on BRICS countries’ value added by sector (per cent of GDP), 1980–2009 is based on the UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics (2010). a Data on FDI in U. The other members of the TF-IMTS are the Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO 2010-527-Crisis and recovery REDIAGRAMACION. Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on UNCTADstat and national sources. We use trade data – from the United Nations Comtrade database via the World Integrated Trade Solution – at the six-digit level of the Harmonised System (HS)-2007 classification. The themes and indicator tables were selected based on the current demands for international environmental statistics and the availability of internationally comparable data. 6. Source: WTO calculations, based on IDB data provided by the Ukrainian authorities and CTS databases. BRIC was formally constituted in June 2009 at a summit of the four countries in Yekaterinburg, Russia. U n i t e d n at i o n s C o n f e r e n C e o n t r a d e a n d d e v e l o p m e n t. Quantities are, if provided by the country and if possible, converted into metric units. You can download large volumes of data from UN Comtrade. The OECD-based support calculations may not be comparable to domestic support calculations required under the WTO Agreement on Agriculture; the OECD calculations may not correspond with the information on current total AMS vis-à-vis final bound total AMS reflected in Chapter III of this report. 24 25. Textile import unit prices, on the other hand, are entirely estimated from the WITS database using SITC Rev 3. Manuals, guides, and other material on statistical practices at the IMF, in member countries, and of the statistical community at large are also available. Appendix 3 summarizes the data used for the study. org The UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics was first launched in 1967. II. UNCTAD states that “[a]s the most important two classifications for cultural statistics, the Unesco and UNCTAD frameworks cover a broader range of product groups than the other methodologies because they aim to provide a universal reference; hence they include both the ‘core’ and ‘optional’ sets of creative/cultural goods” (2010: 111). [4] The most striking observation from the 2014 survey is how far Africa’s perceived attractiveness has improved. the WTO definition of ‘agricultural product) was about one percent higher than the average total valu e for the years 2004 - 2007. The data are then stored in a computerized data base system, called UN COMTRADE. Industry classification for companies follows the United States Standard Industrial Classification as used by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Individual Members' data were extracted from the United Nations Comtrade database on 6 June 2007. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or  UN/COMTRADE data; both were retrieved through the Trade Policy Information . This section contains details about the product, country and other reference data used in WITS. 7 Tariff lines where applied tariff rates exceed bound tariff rates, 2016 The objectives of the book Inequality and Development Challenges, edited by Maria Clara Couto Soares (Brazil), Mario Scerri and Rasigan Maharajh (South Africa) are to trace the trends in interpersonal and inter-regional inequality within BRICS in an evolutionary perspective and to analyse the co-evolution of inequality and the innovation system 1. wtocentre. United Nations Environment Programme Ozone Secretariat Note: The 2015 tariff is based on the HS 2012 nomenclature consisting of 10,460 tariff lines (at 10-digit tariff line level). STI = High- and medium-skill and technology-intensive manufactures; PCE = Parts and components for electrical and electronic goods. The EU was the source of 35. S. The data for 2006 onwards have been revised and updated to reflect improved reporting, including more recent figures and better information regarding the breakdown by cargo type. org unctad. 1, we rely on available data from the Trade Analysis Information System (TRAINS) developed by UNCTAD to present a simple correspondence between the theory-based classification and the one used by data collecting agencies. 00 78. d Gross farm cash income less total cash costs. 5percent in 2000. authorities. Source: WTO Secretariat calculations, based on data provided by the authorities of Mozambique; and WTO CTS database. Note: In current dollars unless otherwise specified. Comtrade Labs is a place to showcase innovative and experimental uses of UN Comtrade data. Calculations based on William Cline, World Trade and Global Poverty, ch. United Nations publication Sales No. Discontinuities of the levels of all series have been removed by applying the growth rates of the old series to the levels of the new series. From China’s perspective, a sizable revaluation of its currency would lead to a significant loss of the value of its foreign exchange reserves (measured at around US$771 billion at the end of June 2005). Units Score of 0 to 1 (proportion of the target of 10% reached) Reference Year 2004 1. d Based on 2011 import figures. Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics database; and United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN/DESA), LINK Global Economic Outlook 2008 (May 2008). Philippine Creative Industries Mapping: Towards the Development of a National Strategy Objectives of the Study a) determine the creative industries contribution to the economy; b)analyze the situation per sector and identify the enabling and hindering factors for the growth of the sector; c) identify opportunities for further development and improvement; and d) recommend strategies that both Source: UNSD COMTRADE and UNCTAD TRAINS data for most recent years available, except as follows. report_wto_g20_june10_e_经济学_高等教育_教育专区 27人阅读|3次下载. Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national and international (Eurostat, UN Statistics Division Demographic Yearbook, WHO European health for all database and UNICE page 1 1 implications of developed nation standards regimes for agro food trade and rural development: case investigations of welfare impacts in vegetative crops by jason scott entsminger a thesis presented to the graduate school of the university of florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of science university of florida 2012 World Bank staff estimates based data from International Monetary Fund's Direction of Trade database. 3 (for 1990–2009) classifications for exports of goods. UN Comtrade Database. Note: Product Groups based on SITC Rev. 1: Strengthening the Creative Industries for Development in Zambia. 4 ISSN 0255-4607 Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on UNCTAD, Commodity Price Statistics Online; and United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, various issues. Formerly, this was the responsibility of the Ministry of Fisheries but it ceased to exist in 2002. 24. Trade Facilitation in ASEAN: 2 proposals ERIA Staff Calculations, 2016 based on Comtrade data. This report, prepared for the fifth Trade Policy Review of Nigeria, has been drawn up by the WTO Secretariat on its own re c Calculations derived from GDP figures at market prices and population estimates (based on the 2002 census). s. of Labour Statistics external trade prices indices, Japan Customs united value indices, UNCTAD Commodity Prices Bulletin. HH1 data for Armenia is very low (29% of HH compared with 93% for TV). the data provided by countries to UNSD via this pilot in 2017 is still pending, variables on e-waste are to be considered included in the regular biennial UNSD/UNEP Questionnaire on Environment Statistics. The Personal Computer Trade Analysis System (PC-TAS) of the International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO is a CD-ROM of trade statistics developed specifically for use in market research by enterprises and institutions wanting to analyse international trade flows, select new export markets, assess the export performance of competing countries or identify new sources of supply. UNCTAD. in Boosting productivity is a condition to maintain high and sustainable growth Impressive macroeconomic performance in the past decade compared to other countries in the region has contributed to closing the income-per-capita gap with OECD economies. COMTRADE (Imports & Exports) National Tariff Line Detail (Greater than HS6) 223 exporting countries, 137 importing countries. Exports are not as heavily concentrated on a single, traditional market as may once have been the case, and for most ACP countries, the effect of the UK leaving the exchange system into a market based regime, if it occurred, would likely be slow. Appendix “Data Sources and Description” provides a detailed description of all the sectoral and aggregate data used in this article. This suggests Data are presented in thousands of persons, in percentage or as indices with base year 2010=100. of illegal wood-based products from East Asia and the Pacific to consumer markets. Based on the UEMOA convergence criteria WAMZ countries have adopted a process of macroeconomic surveillance and a peer review mechanism. org Division as one of the best applications of the Commodity Trade Database calculations based on Comtrade data (import []. The adoption of a new Minin UPDATE OF THE OVERALL PRELIMINARY TRADE SIA EU­MERCOSUR FINAL REPORT Revised November 2007 Personal data in this document have been redacted according to the General Data Protection Regulation 2016/679 and the European Commission Internal Data Protection Regulation 2018/1725 Source::WTO Secretariat calculations, based on data provided by the Ghanaian authorities. <!--descriptionright--> U N I T E D N AT I O N S C O N F E R E N C E O N T R A D E A N D D E V E L O P M E N T CONFERENCE DES NATIONS UNIES SUR LE COMMERCE ET LE DÉVELOPPEMENT 2015 MANUEL Informe Sobre El Comercio y Desarrollo 2009 - Free ebook download as PDF File (. The system uses UNCTAD's list of NTMs which includes measures such as SPS, TBT, environment, and anti-dumping. 6bn. The objective of the book The Promise of Small and Medium Enterprises, edited by Ana Arroio (Brazil) and Mario Scerri (South Africa) is to explore three main research goals. Data for The Gambia, Sierra Leone, and South Africa are from WTO Trade Policy Review. policies31 nearly decimated the gum arabic sectors in these two countries. (2012) data on garment export unit prices based on ILO (2015) updated trend data from the Ministry of Commerce. In the broader context, the above analysis is good news. The product list is based on the calculations of R&D intensity by groups of products (R&D expenditure/total sales). IMPORT VOLUME, SELECTED COUNTRY GROUPS, JANUARY 2004–APRIL 2016 (Index numbers, 2005 = 100) Source: UNCTAD secretariat calculations, based on the CPB Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Analysis, World Trade database. This dataset contains estimates from the OECD Secretariat for the latest years when countries did not provide data. 1). Kyrgyz Republic: Improving Growth Potential 8 To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTAD’s Commodity Price Statistics, interna­tional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates iii BAN Ki-moon Secretary-General of the United Nations PREFACE The 2013 World Investment Report comes at an important moment. Its online database holds more than 500 different variables, as national, subregional, regional and global statistics or as geospatial data sets (maps), covering themes like Freshwater, Population, Forests, Emissions, Climate, Disasters, Health and GDP. 3); the average aggregate import duty increases to 16. daccess-ods. The simple average MFN tariff in 2006 was 11. REPORT BY THE SECRETARIAT. Numbers in parenthesis are shares of total domestic exports and tourism revenue. Note: For Japan, 2018, 2019 and 2020 real GDP growth data refer to fiscal year ending March 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively. Everything else Total protection Beverages and tobacco products Bovine cattle, sheep and goats, horses Bovine meat products Chemical, rubber, plastic products Dairy products Electricity Electronic equipment Ferrous metals Fishing Forestry Gas manufacture, distribution The IF is a country-driven process based on the partnership of six core international agencies: IMF, ITC, UNCTAD, UNDP, the World Bank and WTO. These forces consist of 1,152 personnel: 1) The latest data shows that the UK topped the global table with total of 104 projects worth US$4. Commodity Price Bulletin sets of data, in addition to facilitating the work of the UNCTAD secretariat. Rising trade protectionism and potential trade wars The situation in which a country unilaterally optimizes tariffs, the beggar-thy-neighbour approach, carries an inherent risk of a “trade war”, where other countries retaliate, by raising their own Unless otherwise specified, country aggregates are the sums of the relevant country data by group. 2016 Notes: Following UNCTAD (2013) approach, we use and extend Asayuna et al. b Gross value of farm production less total farm costs. All Prices are in US Dollars per KG Data based on the partner reported data (Mirror data) are shown in blue * Labor Cost Comparison 2008: Direct Wages * Other Costs Paid to Operator * Other Costs paid by Company * Total Cost per Hour * Exchange Rate (a) Total Cost in US$ Pakistan 34. These estimates are necessary to compile aggregated statistics for the geographical areas for a complete span of time. 2: Strengthening the Creative Industries for Development in Mozambique (English and Portuguese)-----Material in this publication maybe freely quoted or reprinted as long as acknowledgement is provided. 219 March 2015 Acknowledgement: We are particularly grateful to Richard Kozul-Wright for continuous support and discussion. Note: Data for Afghanistan, Chad, Liberia, Somalia and Tuvalu have been estimated using mirror trade data. Source: WTO Secretariat calculations based on UNSD Comtrade database. 32 Production and trade data from FAO and UNCTAD relates to 2002-04 UNCTAD calculation based on data from the United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database (COMTRADE). In addition to access to data, freedom of investigation, especially for think tanks, is central to instilling a much-needed domestic debate on economic and social policies, which in turn would foster ownership of reforms and social cohesiveness. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics” – Diccionario español-inglés y buscador de traducciones en español. 23). The quality of the statistics compiled and disseminated by UNCTAD is supported by the UNCTAD Statistics Quality Assurance Framework. For economies where 2018 data are not yet readily available, the data refer to AMRO staff estimates. No. The data here refer to the most recent year that both tariff and trade data were available for a given see Infochimps, Wolfram Alpha, Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network(CKAN) registry of open knowledge packages & projects, Public data sets on Amazon Web Services (AWS) centralized repository of public data sets integrated into AWS cloud-based applications; Wikipedia for data tables; DBpedia, one of largest sources of Linked Data on Web 1. unctad secretariat calculations based on comtrade data

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